Thursday, June 5, 2008
The BASICS of Operating Room

On June 13, 2008, I will be having my training examinations for Operating Room at DMC (Davao Medical Center). My mom says to review and scan my notes. I started this afternoon. Usually when i study, I write down notes so that whatever i have read will be retained in my head as i write it down. Since I have a computer, instead of writing down, why dont i type instead. Its much easier and faster (lol).
And i wanted it to share to whoever would benefit this blog :-)

**THIS IS COMPILED BY ME FROM DIFFERENT BOOKS AND REVIEW MATERIALS I HAVE**
**IF YOU ANY MISTAKES YOU FIND YOU MAY LEAVE A MESSAGE AT THE CBOX AND I WILL CORRECT IT IMMEDIATELY**


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Surgery
designates the branch of medicine that encompasses preoperative care, intra operative judgment and management of post-operative care of patients

Operation
this is for correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, diagnosis and cure of diseases, relief of suffering and prolongation of life

Obstruction
A pathologic process that results into impairment in the flow of requiring surgery

Perforation
A pathologic process that results into rupture of an organ requiring surgery

Erosion
A pathologic process that results into wearing-off of the membrane surface requiring surgery

Asepsis
This means absence of microorganisms that causes the disease, freedom from infection; exclusion of microorganism

Sterile
A state of being free from organisms including all spores

Sterilization
The process by which all pathologic and non-pathogenic microorganisms are killed including all spores

Sterile field
Microorganism free area that can receive sterile supplies

Surgical Asepsis
Known as sterile technique, refers to those practices that keep an area or object free of all microorganisms and spores


Perioperative nursing

This is used to describe all nursing functions in the total surgical experience of the patient

Ectomy
Common suffix which means removal of an organ or gland

Rraphy
Common suffix which means repairing

Ostomy
Common suffix in surgery which means creation of an opening

Plasty
Common suffix which means formation of plastic repair

Scopy
Common suffix which means looking into

Otomy
Common suffix which means cutting into

Emergency surgery
Requires immediate surgical attention without any delay

Imperative or Urgent surgery
Surgery must be performed as much as possible within 24-48 hours

Planned surgery
Can be performed for patient’s wellbeing but not absolutely necessary

Elective surgery
Scheduled completely at the preference of the patient

Optional surgery
Done only upon the request of the patient

Diagnostic surgery
A surgery that determines causes or confirms or verifies diagnosis

Curative surgery
A surgery that is done to resolve a problem

Ablative
A curative surgery that involves removal of diseased organs or tissues

Constructive
A curative surgery that involves partial or complete restoration of damaged organs


Palliative

A curative surgery that is performed to relieve symptoms of disease process without necessarily correction the disease causing symptoms


kikai thought hard on 2:49 AM.